Sonntag, 19. September 2010

Wahltag, Illusionen und déja vus

Frei und fair war diese Wahl nicht. Wie im vergangenen Jahr, bei der massiv manipulierten Präsidentschaftswahl, scheint sich ein Bild zu ergeben bei dem zum Teil mutige Bürger der Terror-Drohung durch die Taliban getrotzt haben und nach eigenem Willen ihr Kreuz gemacht haben. In dem Sinne lesen sich jedenfalls die Dank- und Grußworte von UN-Generalsekretär Ban Ki Moon.
Die offizielle afghanische Wahlkommission, die von Präsident Karsai benannt wird und sich als runderneuert gibt, hatte die Wahlbeteiligung gestern bereits zur Mittagsstunde mit 32 Prozent angegeben. Zur Schliessung der Wahllokale wurde sogar das Doppelte in Aussicht gestellt. Diese Zahlen dürften deutlich überhöht sein.
Längst ist klar, dass vermutlich mehrere Millionen überschüssiger Stimmzettel und Wählerkarten im Land zirkulieren. Das afghanische Innenministerium gab an zumindest 65.000 davon beschlagnahmt zu haben. Unabhängige Wahlbeobachter, afghanische wie ausländische, schätzen die Beteiligung zunächst auf 30-35 Prozent.
Ein Trend bei dieser Wahl: zahlreiche ehemalige Warlords und Ministerialbeamte, die zum Teil als belastete gelten und ohnehin schon im Parlament sitzen, haben ihre Söhne und Töchter ins Rennen geschickt, um sich weitere Pfründe zu sichern. Das Gegenteil der Parteien-Bildung, die die internationalen Akteure nicht müde werden zu postulieren.
Spiegelbildlich dazu hat es diesmal so gut wie keine EU- und OSZE-Beobachter am Wahltag gegeben. Die wenigen, die anwesend waren, waren zum Schweigen verurteilt. Beobachter sehen darin ein Zeichen, dass der Westen sich schrittweise in der zivilen und politischen Aufbauhilfe aus Afghanistan verabschiedet. Die kritischen Ergebnisberichte afghanischer wie internationaler Beobachter-Missionen, die meist mit einigen Wochen Verzug erscheinen, waren unter westlichen Regierungsvertretern bislang noch nie ein Renner. Zu sehr könnten sie den Eindruck verwässern, den sich der Westen gern von der Demokratie in Afghanistan macht.
Hier sind Reaktionen, die mir vor allem jüngere Afghanen, einfache wie Akademiker,
unmittelbar nach der Wahl geschickt haben.

I am very disappointed and the situation is very scary for me.
I had a very bad experience from last year's election, with its so many fraud and no one to follow up this frauds and no responsible being sufficiently punished.
In our parliamentary system, almost every candidate stays for him or herself. Singer, film director, journalists, comedians, sport men and women, business man. Most of them don't know what an MP hast to do and often they are not litterate. Candidates spent lots of money for campaign. Even lots of voters still seem not to know how to vote and who to vote.
There is no chance for a democratic process, all of this is merely theory. I did not vote yesterday.
I have the feeling that the process is basically to show the world that we seem to be going accordingly to a democratic process.
Negah, FEFA-Mitarbeiterin

Election day was complicated in Kunduz. There was ongoing fighting surrounding Kunduz city, and also in Chardara, Imam Sahib, Archi and Aliabad. Very few people attended the election some rocket's landed in Kunduz city. 16 persons injured and 2 person were killed to my knowledge.
The people who elected themselves are the same as the previous time. Mostly those people voted who are living in town.The local people are hopeless. Because of the previous parliamentarian (non) achievement, most of the people did not attended the election.
Arif, NGO-Mitarbeiter, Kunduz

The already elected PM plus thier family members will constitute the next parliament. For instance, Gn. Qasemi and his son are candidates in Ghazni. Dawood Naseri and his brother in Daikondi and so on.
The examination of democracy in afghanistan is a real challenge and dilemma. The process is good but the 'products' are bad. All the problems lie with the government. The 'director' of our democracy is someone who does not believe in democracy. The president and his team
try to establish the past political tradition in the country. It is a hard time for those who stand in for peace and democracy.
Ali Amiri, Dozent, Kabul

Looks election in total wasn't too bad. Many think we need to review election law.I saw a compaign slogan from a female candidate she was saying ''I'll fight against globalization''. I see 98% of the independent candidates with a different agenda and wonder how parliamentarian grouping will work out.
We need the groupig of candidates even before they get the chance to go to Parliament. It People so far don't know exactly what their own representatives are doing. The current parliamentary activities are not transparent. No one takes risponsability for failures. How can you set a targeted agenda with such an abnormality. Easy also for Karzai and government members to influence and target them, to bribe single candidates.
Massood, TV-Journalist Tolo

There is a monopoly of power in Afghanistan. A group of few people control politics, media and government in Afghanistan. I believe that there is a little chance for educated people who believe in democracy and openness. I know for example that there are 6 MPs and one ambassadors from one family. This trend is going to destroy this country again, I wish it does not happen.
Ahmadullah, Verleger, Kunduz

I think the turnout for the elections at least in urban areas was high. But
in some rural areas there was no elections in some parts of the insecure provinces.
There was misconduct in some places. In the west of Kabul for example I went to a polling
site where a huge and increasing crowd of about 3000 people were waiting in lines, but according to the election staff they only had 3600 voting papers. It was only 10 o'clock in the morning then !
and at least another 10,000 people would go there and vote during the rest of the day.
I personally didn't vote. I think these elections are the same than the previous ones.
Only the beautiful idiot young girls, the rich and the warlords will go to parliament.
Mohammad, Stipendiat in Kanada, zZ in Kabul

I'm not much of politic mind and as far as I know I hate politics and try to avoid it.
As you see this time parliament is a perfect ZOO. We have any kind of
animal in it. Wealthy, male, female, dancer, prostitute, mulla, singer etc.
People didn't participate much in the election. I don't blame them.
I dont know about open society. Maybe everybody should stay in their
cage in this big zoo. People are going to get more democratic I think, at least
in some parts of afghanistan.
Ali Hussein, Filmemacher, Kabul

Elections, I think, were better than last time. Better security and even in some cases better turnout. Fraud is another issue though. It will be there for a long time. I do agree with you that most people who will come to Parliament will be rich, well connected, powerful and corrupt people. But I hope that at least a few of the committed people also make it to parliament.
Shaharzad, Studentin, Badakhshan

Siehe auch Der Tagesspiegel.